Recording 2 cases of monkeypox, the Ministry of Health requested to strengthen monitoring and treatment to prevent cross-infection

Regarding the two recently appeared cases of monkeypox, the Department of Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Health, on the morning of September 26, requested to increase treatment of positive cases, avoid deaths, and prevent infection from occurring. Cross-infection and infection among medical staff; Strengthen surveillance and disease prevention in the area.
Strengthen treatment of cases positive for monkeypox to prevent cross-infection from occurring
As Health & Life reported, health authorities in Dong Nai and Binh Duong have confirmed a case of monkeypox in the area.

Before this development, the Department of Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Health on September 26 sent a document to the Pasteur Institute of Ho Chi Minh City; Ho Chi Minh City Department of Health; Dong Nai Department of Health and Binh Duong Department of Health on strengthening monkeypox prevention.

A document from the Department of Preventive Medicine said that according to information from the Infectious Disease Surveillance System, on September 23, 2023, Ho Chi Minh City recorded 01 case, male, 25 years old, permanent resident in Xuan Truong commune. , Xuan Loc, Dong Nai, currently residing temporarily in Vo Vap, Ho Chi Minh City tested positive for monkeypox.

In the last 01 week, the patient had contact with his girlfriend temporarily residing in Tan Uyen city, Binh Duong province. The girlfriend now has symptoms of monkeypox (pustular rash around the genitals); There were no records of patients traveling abroad or coming into contact with foreigners within 21 days of testing positive for monkeypox.

In order to promptly monitor and detect disease cases early, promptly control epidemics to prevent outbreaks of monkeypox, and minimize the number of infections and deaths, the Ministry of Health requests the Pasteur Institute of Ho Chi Minh City. , the Department of Health of Ho Chi Minh City, Dong Nai and Binh Duong provinces is interested in directing the immediate implementation of a number of activities, specifically:

For the Department of Health of Ho Chi Minh City, Dong Nai and Binh Duong provinces, the Department of Preventive Medicine recommends strengthening surveillance and prevention of monkeypox in the area according to the guidance of the Ministry of Health in Decision No. 2265/QD-BYT dated August 22, 2022 on promulgating temporary Guidelines for monitoring and preventing Monkeypox.

The Department of Preventive Medicine notes that it is necessary to proactively, coordinate and urgently investigate thoroughly all cases of contact with the above positive case of monkeypox to determine the source of infection for timely management and treatment. During the outbreak period (if any), do not let the epidemic spread widely to the community.

Organize treatment of positive cases, avoid deaths, and prevent cross-infection and infection of medical staff during the care and treatment process; Carry out communication work in many forms to inform people about the epidemic situation and prevention measures to avoid unnecessary confusion and worry.

At the same time, training is organized for medical staff at all levels on monitoring, treating and preventing monkeypox infections.

For the Pasteur Institute of Ho Chi Minh City, the Department of Preventive Medicine requests timely professional and technical support and guidance for localities (note Ho Chi Minh City, Dong Nai and Binh Duong provinces) in their work. monitoring, sampling, diagnosing and localizing and treating monkeypox outbreaks.

People who had close contact with the monkeypox case in Ho Chi Minh City are currently in stable health and have no unusual symptoms.
Regarding the above case of monkeypox recorded in Ho Chi Minh City, the Ho Chi Minh City Center for Disease Control (HCDC) informed that it had conducted an investigation into travel history and made a list of 8 people to contact . close contact with the patient . Among these 8 people, 1 person is a friend of the patient currently residing in Binh Duong province. This person has now tested positive for monkeypox.

Thus, up to now, Vietnam has recorded 4 cases of monkeypox. People who were in close contact with the case’s residence in Ho Chi Minh City are currently in stable health, with no unusual symptoms. At the same time, they were instructed to self-monitor their health at home for 21 days. Instructions for cleaning and disinfecting the entire boarding house and the patient’s personal items.

Currently, HCDC is continuing to investigate and monitor the health of patients and contacts.

Talking to Health & Life on the morning of September 26, Associate Professor, Dr. Tran Dac Phu – Senior Advisor of the Center for Public Health Event Response said that with these cases, it is necessary to continue epidemiological investigation. Monitor whether the case has come into contact with people returning from the epidemic area? This is an important issue from which to assess the risk. Wherever the risk is, we must respond accordingly so as not to lose control of the epidemic but also not waste resources because at this time there are many other epidemics breaking out such as dengue fever, hand, foot and mouth diseaseā€¦

At the same time, it is necessary to continue to strengthen border gate surveillance, people returning from epidemic areas, community surveillance with patient records and other places. Early detection of cases in the community plays an important role in localizing, isolating, and avoiding spread.

As for the people, Associate Professor, Dr. Tran Dac Phu advised not to panic, but to promote personal disease prevention and prevention measures; When coming into contact with a person returning from an epidemic area, you need to pay attention to see if they have signs of monkeypox.

To proactively prevent monkeypox epidemic in our country, the Ministry of Health has issued recommendations for people to proactively implement the following disease prevention measures:

  1. Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, preferably with a cloth or handkerchief or disposable tissue or sleeve to reduce the spread of respiratory secretions; Wash your hands with soap and clean water or antiseptic solution immediately after coughing or sneezing. Do not spit indiscriminately in public places.
  2. Regularly wash your hands with soap and clean water or hand sanitizer.
  3. People with symptoms of an acute rash of unknown cause accompanied by one or more suspicious symptoms should proactively contact a medical facility for timely monitoring and advice. At the same time, it is necessary to proactively self-isolate and avoid sexual intercourse.
  4. Avoid close contact with people infected with monkeypox, avoid direct contact with wounds, body fluids, droplets and objects and utensils contaminated with pathogens. In case someone has or is suspected of having the disease at their residence/workplace, it is necessary to notify the health authority for timely advice and treatment, and do not arbitrarily treat it.
  5. People traveling to countries where monkeypox is endemic (Central and West Africa), should avoid contact with mammals (dead or alive) such as: rodents, marsupials, Primates may harbor monkeypox virus. When returning to Vietnam, you need to proactively declare to the local health authority for advice.
  6. Ensure food safety; practice a healthy lifestyle, increase physical activity, and improve health.

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